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Cargill: Sales of salmon feed using antibiotics show sharp decline

Cargill outlines multiple actions its taken in its aquaculture feed operations to improve sustainability in new report.

Cargill Aqua Nutrition on Wednesday released its first sustain­ability report, which focuses on its EWOS brand of salmon feeds.

Cargill Aqua Nutrition accounts for 28 percent of the global salmon feed market share. In 2016 Cargill produced 931,000 metric tons of salmonid feed and 810,000 metric tons of warmwater feed for shrimp, tilapia and other species.

Sales of anti-sea lice feed increased to about 2 per­cent of total EWOS feed sales last year, while sales of feed with antibiotics, which are only added in Chile and Canada, fell from 4.7 percent in 2015 to 2.6 percent.

Last year 30 percent of raw material used was vegetable protein, 20 percent was fishmeal followed by vegetable oil at 16.8 percent, carbohydrates and binders at 15 percent and fish oil at 11.5 percent. 

Around 31 percent of its fish feed ad oil was sourced from blue whiting from Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Faroe Islands and Ireland. Around 29 percent was Peruvian or Chilean anchovy.

Certifications & sustainability

Cargill's EWOS salmon feed is produced in factories in Canada and Chile, which are certified to Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) and GlobalGAP standards. Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC)-compliant feeds are made on customer request.

Trimmings-based meals and oil provided 33 percent of total marine ingredients last year, up 32 percent from 2013.

In 2016, more than 73 percent of all soy products sourced were deforestation-free and certified by Pro Terra, a not-for-profit organization that advances and promotes sustainability at all levels of the feed and food production.

The group has additionally kept a tighter watch on its fishmeal supply chain.

“Cases of slavery in Thailand have lifted social issues high on our agenda," the group said. "In response to this, we stopped buying fishmeal from Thailand throughout 2016, except for in our local operations, where we focused on using more trimmings and have worked on options to reduce fishmeal in the feed."

To help address social issues, Cargill opened discussions with the Seafood Task Force in Thailand and will join this year as full members. 

Innovation

The group said it continues to pursue new alternatives to fishmeal and oil that will offset usage and costs, but also not sacrifice health benefits.

“While fish oil remains the major source of healthy omega-3 fatty acids … Cargill is innovating new sources of omega-3," they said. "Examples include algae meals and oils and a new type of genetically modified rapeseed which promotes sustainable nutrition.”

FeedKind protein, Cargill’s joint venture with Calysta, is already being produced at a UK pilot facility and will be available at scale in 2019.

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